Dr. Carroll grew up in India and has lived and practiced medicine in Africa and Central America in addition to the United States.

He received his medical degree from the University of Tennessee College of Medicine and did his obstetrical training at the Medical College of Pennsylvania. He received his certification in Tropical and Travel Medicine at the Gorgas Institute in Lima, Peru.

Because of his combined training and experience in the disparate fields of Obstetrics and Travel/Tropical Medicine, he has become a recognized expert in the area of pregnancy and travel. He has published numerous journal articles and textbook chapters and is a frequently invited speaker at international venues.

While continuing to practice obstetrics, he currently teaches at the Michigan State University College of Human Medicine and is Medical Director of The Pregnant Traveler Medical Services, PLC. He is a Fellow of the Faculty of Travel Medicine at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons in Glasgow.


  • Asbury College, Wilmore, Kentucky–BA, Magna cum laude, 06/1969
  • University of Tennessee College of Medicine, Memphis–M.D., 09/1969-06/1973
  • Methodist Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania–rotating internship, 07/1969-06/1974
  • Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia–Obstetrics/Gynecology residency, 06/1982-06/1985
  • The Gorgas Institute, Lima, Peru—Tropical Medicine—09-11/1996



  • International Society of Travel Medicine, Professional Education Committee – May 2007 to present
  • Journal of Travel Medicine & Infectious Disease, Editorial Board – 12/2008 to present


  • American Board of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 1988; latest renewal 2005 (through 2014)
  • Gorgas Course in Clinical Tropical Medicine (Lima)—Diploma in Tropical & Travel Medicine—1996
  • American Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene–Travel Medicine Certification—1997



  • Christian Medical & Dental Society—1974 to present
  • Fellow, American College of Obstetrics & Gynecology—1988 to present
  • International Society of Travel Medicine—1994 to present
  • American Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene—1996 to present


“An Outreach Model for Rural Perinatal Care” – 2nd Annual Conference on Delivery of Care to Underserved Populations, U.S. P.H.S, Regions V-X, New Orleans, January, 1992.

“Staying Healthy in Belize”Belize First, 1996

“Studying Tropical Medicine–A Comparison of Two Strategies”5th   International Conference on Travel Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland; March, 1997

“Malaria Prophylaxis in Pregnant Expatriate Missionaries” – presentation at 6th International Conference on Travel Medicine, Montreal, 1999

“The Pregnant Expatriate—Problems and Proposals” – presentation at 6th International Conference on Travel Medicine, Montreal, 1999

“The Pregnant Expatriate—Health Care Options”Presentation at “Changing Worlds Health Care for Expatriates”, Edinburgh, 2000

“Pregnancy & Breast Feeding While Traveling”Presentation at “3rd European Conference on Travel Medicine”, Florence, Italy, May 2002

“The Pregnant Traveler”Travel Medicine Advisor, American Health Consultants, January 2003

“Pre-travel Preparation of the Pregnant Traveler”Journal of the British Travel Health Association, September, 2004

“Immunizations and Medications for Pregnant Travelers”Fourth European Conference on Travel Medicine, Rome, March, 2004

“The Pregnant Wilderness Traveler”Travel Medicine & Infectious Disease (2005) 3, 225-238

“Avoiding travel related infection risks during pregnancy”Contemporary OB/GYN, May 2005

“Pregnancy and Travel”Clinics in Family Practice, Volume 7, #4, 773-790

“Use of the Internet in Travel Medicine”British Travel Health Association,2005

“Care of the Pregnant Expatriate”British Travel Health Association, 2005

“Travel Medicine for the Occupational Medicine Specialist” – Michigan Occupational & Environmental Medicine Association, 2005

“Dengue fever and pregnancy – a Review and Comment” Travel Medicine & Infectious Disease May, 2007

“Travel Medicine for the Whole Family: Pediatric and Pregnant Travelers” – 10TH International Conference of the International Society of Travel Medicine, Vancouver, BC, May 2007

“Travel Medicine: Tales Behind the Science”  – Book Review – Emerging Infectious Diseases, April, 2008

“Preparing the Pregnant Traveler-Vaccination and Medical Prophylaxis”Travel Medicine & Infectious Disease, August, 2008

“Motion Sickness”CDC Yellow Book 2008 & 2010

“The Pregnant Expatriate – Results of a Survey” – Travel Medicine & Infectious Diseases (in process)

“The Pregnant Expatriate – Recommendations for Care” – Travel Medicine & Infectious Diseases (in process)

“Travel Medicine for the Pregnant Traveler” (Workshop) – 11th International Conference on Travel Medicine, Budapest, Hungary, May, 2009

“Pregnant Travelers”Presentation at 14th International Congress of Infectious Diseases, Miami, March, 2010

“Women and Travel” (chapter), Textbook of Travel Medicine, Elsevier Publishers –  May, 2010

“Expert Opinion: Pregnancy and Travel”, web site section for the International Society of Travel Medicine” (www.istm.org), October 2010

“Travel Medicine: Pioneers to Present” – Alberta Association of Travel Health Professionals, 2012

“Traveling with Chronic Disease” – Alberta Association of Travel Health Professionals, 2012

“The Pregnant Traveler” –  Alberta Association of Travel Health Professionals, 2012

“The Pregnant Traveler” – CDC “Yellow Book” 2012 & 2014

“The Pregnant Traveler”, Essential Travel Medicine, 1st Edition, March 2013

“Babes in the Woods – Pediatric and Pregnant Travelers” (Workshop) – 13th International Conference on Travel Medicine, Maastricht, Netherlands, May 2013

“Pregnancy Vaccines” – The Practical Compendium of Immunisations for International Travel, 1st Edition, May, 2015

“Pregnancy, Travel and Infectious Disease”published 2016